### Easy Multiplication, Easy Measurement and Easy Partition Word Problems

Here is a representation of 3 fish tanks, with 2 fish in each tank.

 fish fish

 fish fish

 fish fish

The number 3 is called the multiplier and the number 2 is called the multiplicand. The multiplier tells you how many sets there are (in this case 3) and the multiplicand tells you how many elements there are in each set (in this case 2). The number 6 is called the product.

And here is a representation of 2 fish tanks, with 3 fish in each tank.

 fish fish fish

 fish fish fish

In this case, 2 is the multiplier and 3 is the multiplicand. Notice that 3 tanks with 2 fish in each tank is not the same as 2 tanks with 3 fish in each tank - even though in both cases there are 6 fish altogether.

All Easy Multiplication, all Easy Measurement, and all Easy Partition word problems involve 3 numbers - a multiplier, a multiplicand and a product. We can make up word problems involving these numbers in 3 different ways.

1. Easy Multiplication: Eva has 3 fish tanks with 2 fish in each tank. How many fish does Eva have altogether? (We are given the number 3, the multiplier, and the number 2 the multiplicand. We need to find the product.
2 x 3 = □)

2. Easy Measurement: Eva has 6 fish. She has 2 of those fish in each of her fish tanks. How many fish tanks does Eva have? (We are given the number 6, the product, and the number 2, the multiplicand. We need to find the multiplier. 6 ÷ 2 = □)

3. Easy Partition: Eva has 6 fish and 3 fish tanks. She has the same number of fish in each fish tank. How many fish are there in each fish tank? (We are given the number 6, the product, and the number 3, the multiplier. We need to find the multiplicand. 6 ÷ 3 = □)

This chart summarizes the relationship between Easy Multiplication, Easy Measurement and Easy Partition.

 multiplier (tanks) multiplicand (fish) product Easy Multiplication1 given given find Easy Measurement2 find given given Easy Partition2 given find given

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1You have already seen that a representation of 3 fish tanks with 2 fish in each tank is different from a representation of 2 fish tanks with 3 fish in each tank. Multiplication is very different from addition in this way. A representation of 3 boys and 2 girls in the playground is identical to a representation of 3 girls and 2 boys.

2Not only is the example of Easy Measurement (6 ÷ 2 = □) different from the example of Easy Partition
(6 ÷ 3 = □), they are not even the examples of the same type of problem.

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